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Parental/Guardian Subsidization of Extra Tuition and the Marginalization of the Poor in Zimbabwe: Social Exclusion in Education Sector in Zimbabwe

Parental/Guardian Subsidization of Extra Tuition and the Marginalization of the Poor in Zimbabwe: Social Exclusion in Education Sector in Zimbabwe
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Author(s): David Makwerere (Bindura University of Science Education, Zimbabwe) and Donwell Dube (Lupane State University, Zimbabwe)
Copyright: 2021
Pages: 20
Source title: Research Anthology on Preparing School Administrators to Lead Quality Education Programs
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Information Resources Management Association (USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-3438-0.ch064

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Abstract

This chapter focused on the issues of social exclusion in the education sector in Zimbabwe. The primary focus was on the primary and secondary school education systems in the country. Using the lenses of the social exclusion concepts, the chapter looked at how the inequalities are informed by a chain of historical developments including colonialism, the effects of the Structural Adjustment Programmes of the 1990s, and the effects of the Fast Track Land Reform Programme, as well as the Indigenization and Economic Empowerment acts. The chapter submits that the children in urban high-density areas, farming, and rural areas are victims of structural inequalities that have led to social exclusion in the education sector. There is the need for the Government of Zimbabwe to address these inequalities as a matter of urgency.

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