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Machine Learning Techniques for IoT-Based Indoor Tracking and Localization

Machine Learning Techniques for IoT-Based Indoor Tracking and Localization
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Author(s): Pelin Yildirim Taser (Izmir Bakircay University, Turkey) and Vahid Khalilpour Akram (Ege University, Turkey)
Copyright: 2022
Pages: 23
Source title: Emerging Trends in IoT and Integration with Data Science, Cloud Computing, and Big Data Analytics
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Pelin Yildirim Taser (Izmir Bakircay University, Turkey)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-4186-9.ch007


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The GPS signals are not available inside the buildings; hence, indoor localization systems rely on indoor technologies such as Bluetooth, WiFi, and RFID. These signals are used for estimating the distance between a target and available reference points. By combining the estimated distances, the location of the target nodes is determined. The wide spreading of the internet and the exponential increase in small hardware diversity allow the creation of the internet of things (IoT)-based indoor localization systems. This chapter reviews the traditional and machine learning-based methods for IoT-based positioning systems. The traditional methods include various distance estimation and localization approaches; however, these approaches have some limitations. Because of the high prediction performance, machine learning algorithms are used for indoor localization problems in recent years. The chapter focuses on presenting an overview of the application of machine learning algorithms in indoor localization problems where the traditional methods remain incapable.

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