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Information Resources Management Association
Advancing the Concepts & Practices of Information Resources Management in Modern Organizations

Ensuring Presence in Online Learning Environments

Ensuring Presence in Online Learning Environments
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Author(s): Eunice Luyegu (Nova Southeastern University, USA)
Copyright: 2016
Pages: 27
Source title: Handbook of Research on Strategic Management of Interaction, Presence, and Participation in Online Courses
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Lydia Kyei-Blankson (Illinois State University, USA), Joseph Blankson (Ohio Northern University, USA), Esther Ntuli (Idaho State University, USA)and Cynthia Agyeman (Ohio University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-9582-5.ch014


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Online learning in higher education has rapidly grown in recent years and has become the norm. However, pedagogical aspects on online learning environments are still developing. This chapter focuses on one foundational aspect of online and blended learning known as presence. First, the concept of presence in online learning is described i.e. teaching presence, social presence, and cognitive presence. Secondly, strategies for ensuring presence are discussed from different angles: course design, course instructors and course facilitators, and course participants. Thirdly, the implications for future research are outlined. This chapter enhances the research on the Community of Inquiry (CoI) framework a useful guide to the design of learning experiences that support learners' critical reflection and engagement within collaborative online learning environments.

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