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Diagnosis of Cardiovascular Diseases by Ensemble Optimization Deep Learning Techniques

Diagnosis of Cardiovascular Diseases by Ensemble Optimization Deep Learning Techniques
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Author(s): David Opeoluwa Oyewola (Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Federal University, Kashere, Nigeria), Emmanuel Gbenga Dada (Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Physical Sciences, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria)and Sanjay Misra (Department of Applied Data Science, Institute for Energy Technology, Halden, Norway)
Copyright: 2024
Volume: 19
Issue: 1
Pages: 21
Source title: International Journal of Healthcare Information Systems and Informatics (IJHISI)
Editor(s)-in-Chief: Qiang (Shawn) Cheng (University of Kentucky, USA)and Joseph Tan (McMaster University, Canada)
DOI: 10.4018/IJHISI.334021

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Abstract

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a variety of diseases that affect the blood vessels and the heart. The authors propose a set of deep learning inspired by the approach used in CVD support centers for the early diagnosis of CVD using deep learning techniques. Data were collected from patients who received CVD screening. The authors propose a prediction model to diagnose whether people have CVD or not and to provide awareness or diagnosis on that. The performance of each algorithm is compared with that of long-, short-time memory, feedforward, and cascade forward neural networks, and Elman neural networks. The results show that the ensemble deep learning classification and prediction model achieved 98.45% accuracy. Using the proposed early diagnosis model for CVD can help simplify the diagnosis of CVD by medical professionals.

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