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Multi-Methodology Approach: Using Soft Systems Methodology and Simulation Modeling

Multi-Methodology Approach: Using Soft Systems Methodology and Simulation Modeling
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Copyright: 2021
Pages: 31
Source title: Applications of Soft Systems Methodology for Organizational Change
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Maryam Ebrahimi (Independent Researcher, Germany)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-4504-1.ch005

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Abstract

The pluralistic approach in today's world needs combining multiple methods, whether hard or soft, into a multi-methodology intervention. The methodologies can be combined, sometimes from several different paradigms, including hard and soft, in the form of a multi-methodology so that the hard paradigms are positivistic and see the organizational environment as objective, while the nature of soft paradigms is interpretive. In this chapter, the combination of methodologies has been examined using soft systems methodologies (SSM) and simulation methodologies including discrete event simulation (DES), system dynamics (SD), and agent-based modeling (ABM). Also, using the ontological, epistemological, and methodological assumptions underlying the respective paradigms, the difference between SD, ABM, SSM; a synthesis of SSM and SD generally known as soft system dynamics methodology (SSDM); and a promising integration of SSM and ABM referred to as soft systems agent-based methodology (SSABM) have been proven.

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