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Assessment Types and Methods in Distance Learning

Assessment Types and Methods in Distance Learning
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Author(s): Gulgun Afacan Adanır (Ankara University, Turkey)
Copyright: 2021
Pages: 19
Source title: Handbook of Research on Determining the Reliability of Online Assessment and Distance Learning
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Ana S. Moura (University of Porto, Portugal), Pedro Reis (University Fernando Pessoa, Portugal) and M. Natália D. S. Cordeiro (University of Porto, Portugal)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-4769-4.ch002


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Learning in distance education is a continuous process and highly supported by assessment opportunities. Assessment in distance learning is divided into various types together with their corresponding purposes. While formative assessment covers the whole learning process, the summative assessment considers learners' performance at the end of the course. The other categorization is done according to the individual that performed the assessment hence involves the types as self-assessment, peer-assessment, and instructor-led assessment. The recently proposed methods of assessment are named as authentic methods that allow learners to transfer their knowledge to real-world practices. In this chapter, two major purposes have been formed. Initially, existing assessment approaches will be investigated. Then, guides for the implementation of these approaches will be provided in the context of a Distance Education Center at a state university of Turkey.

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