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Review of Agent Based Modelling of Social Attachment in Crisis Situations

Review of Agent Based Modelling of Social Attachment in Crisis Situations
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Author(s): Julius M. Bañgate (University Grenoble-Alps, Grenoble, France), Julie Dugdale (University Grenoble-Alps, Grenoble, France), Elise Beck (University Grenoble-Alps, Grenoble, France) and Carole Adam (University Grenoble-Alps, LIG, Grenoble, France)
Copyright: 2019
Volume: 11
Issue: 1
Pages: 30
Source title: International Journal of Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (IJISCRAM)
Editor(s)-in-Chief: Víctor Amadeo Bañuls Silvera (Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Spain) and Murray E. Jennex (San Diego State University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/IJISCRAM.2019010103

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Abstract

Human behaviour during crisis evacuations is social in nature. In particular, social attachment theory posits that proximity of familiar people, places, objects, etc., promotes calm and a feeling of safety, while their absence triggers panic or flight. In closely bonded groups such as families, members seek each other and evacuate as one. This makes attachment bonds necessary in the development of realistic models of mobility during crises. This article presents a review of evacuation behaviour, theories on social attachment, crisis mobility, and agent-based models. It was found that social attachment influences mobility in the different stages of evacuation (pre, during and post). Based on these findings, a multi-agent model of mobility during seismic crises (SOLACE) is being developed, and it is implemented using the belief, desire and intention (BDI) agent architecture.

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