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Using Blockchain and Smart Contracts for Waqf Institutions

Using Blockchain and Smart Contracts for Waqf Institutions
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Author(s): Farrukh Habib (International Shari'ah Research Academy for Islamic Finance, Malaysia) and Abu Umar Faruq Ahmad (King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia)
Copyright: 2020
Pages: 20
Source title: Financial Technology and Disruptive Innovation in ASEAN
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Muhammad Anshari (Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Brunei), Mohammad Nabil Almunawar (Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Brunei) and Masairol Masri (Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Brunei)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-9183-2.ch013

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Abstract

The institution of Waqf always played a pivotal role of sustainable economic development in a Muslim society throughout the history of Islam. However, recently, even with the introduction of the modern Islamic finance a few decades ago, the institution has been struggling to rejuvenate its past glory. The key issues are lack of availability of data and historical records, weak transparency and public disclosure, improper audit and compliance practices. The advent of the blockchain has offered a ray of hope for the revival of the Waqf institution. The blockchain has already proved itself as a game changing breakthrough. Similarly, the Waqf institution could be invigorated with the innovative and efficient use of the blockchain. Moreover, the use of smart contracts on blockchain could further enhance the performance and efficacy of the Waqf institution. It is strongly believed that with the firm Islamic jurisprudential foundations of the Waqf, blockchain, and smart contracts will ensure that the Waqf institution could partake in the economic development of the whole Muslim world.

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