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Urban Sprawl Monitoring Using Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques of the City Jaipur, India

Urban Sprawl Monitoring Using Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques of the City Jaipur, India
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Author(s): Pushpendra Singh Sisodia (Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Manipal University Jaipur, India), Vivekananda Tiwari (Manipal University Jaipur, India) and Anil Kumar Dahiya (Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Manipal University Jaipur, India)
Copyright: 2019
Pages: 13
Source title: Environmental Information Systems: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Information Resources Management Association (USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7033-2.ch065

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Abstract

The rapid increase in population of India forced people to migrate from rural areas and small towns to metropolitan cities for better employment, education, and, good lifestyle. Major cities of India were industrialized and required more work force in metropolitan cities, leading to uncoordinated and unplanned growth, often termed as urban sprawl. Urban sprawl destroyed the natural resources such as open green space, agricultural land, open water bodies and ground water. In this paper, an attempt has been made to monitor urban sprawl using Shannon's Entropy model, Remote Sensing, and GIS for city Jaipur, India. The changed entropy value during the years 1972–2013 proves more dispersed growth in the city. The built-up area of Jaipur has increased from 40 km2 in 1972 to 400 km2 in 2013. Land use percentage of urban settlement is doubled as compared to the urban population of Jaipur during 1972–2013. This study shows remarkable urban sprawl in fringe areas of Jaipur city in the last 41 years.

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