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Trade Liberalization, Infrastructure Development, and FDI in India and China

Trade Liberalization, Infrastructure Development, and FDI in India and China
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Author(s): Rajib Bhattacharyya (Hooghly Mohsin College, India)
Copyright: 2020
Pages: 28
Source title: Foreign Direct Investments: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Information Resources Management Association (USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-2448-0.ch063

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Abstract

The two largest economies in Emerging Asia, China and India, are considered to be the ‘power houses' of global economy. China and India adopted the policy of ‘opening up to the outside world' respectively in 1978 and 1991. Trade openness and infrastructure development has been acknowledged as crucial pre-conditions for attracting foreign direct investment (FDI). China's path of development was guided by the so called fast growing nations, which laid substantial emphasis on building strong infrastructural base at great speed. But India, on the other hand did not adopt the strategy of building infrastructure base prior to the growth of demand, like the one which has been followed by most successful Asian countries achieving rapid infrastructure development. So early opening up and improved infrastructure has attracted more FDI in China than in India. So the present study seeks to examine the relationship between trade liberalization, infrastructure development and FDI inflows in India and China using secondary time series data in a comparative analytical framework.

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