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Task-Based Language Learning and Learner Autonomy in 3D Virtual Worlds

Task-Based Language Learning and Learner Autonomy in 3D Virtual Worlds
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Author(s): Iryna Kozlova (University of Pennsylvania, USA)
Copyright: 2019
Pages: 24
Source title: Virtual Reality in Education: Breakthroughs in Research and Practice
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Information Resources Management Association (USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-8179-6.ch032

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Abstract

This chapter investigates whether a problem-solving task with an environment exploration component mediates learner autonomy in a 3D virtual world (VW). Two groups of English as a foreign language (EFL) learners were to collect information by exploring the 3D VW and eliciting information from player avatars to complete the task. An analysis of student interaction reveals that only one of the groups acted as autonomous learners by generating new topics based on their observations in the environment; eliciting information and controlling the topics when interacting with the player avatars; and initiating repair leading to input modification, negotiation of meaning, and modification of output. Results suggest that learner autonomy could be promoted in 3D VWs by improving the clarity of task instructions and by designing learning tasks in such a way that students would be able to complete the tasks only if they share their observations with peers and player avatars.

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