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Strategy Formulation and Organizational Structure in SMEs: Taking Business Models beyond the Hands of the Founders

Strategy Formulation and Organizational Structure in SMEs: Taking Business Models beyond the Hands of the Founders
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Author(s): Guilherme de Farias Shiraishi (Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil) and Saulo Dubard Barbosa (EMLYON Business School, France)
Copyright: 2015
Pages: 12
Source title: Handbook of Research on Global Competitive Advantage through Innovation and Entrepreneurship
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Luís M. Carmo Farinha (Polytechnic Institute of Castelo Branco & NECE – Research Unit, Portugal), João J. M. Ferreira (University of Beira Interior & NECE – Research Unit, Portugal), Helen Lawton Smith (Birkbeck, University of London & Oxfordshire Economic Observatory, Oxford University, UK) and Sharmistha Bagchi-Sen (State University of New York – Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-8348-8.ch035

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Abstract

One of the biggest challenges faced by small and medium enterprises (SMEs) concerns the capacity of the entrepreneur to formulate strategies within a formal organizational structure. Very often, important knowledge about the business remains solely in the deeper levels of the entrepreneur's mind and cannot be accessed by any stakeholder. As a result, many of the good ideas that entrepreneurs have end up dying with them. This hinders business growth, business model replication, and successful succession in family businesses and SME's in general. Therefore, it is important to investigate ways to structure within the firm the strategies generated in the entrepreneur's mind, in order to prepare SMEs for growth and long-term sustainability, above and beyond the minds, hands, and lives of their founders. Our chapter explores this general theme by offering methodological insights on how to extract and formalize the tacit knowledge coming from SME founders. We focus on the formulation of strategies based on the marketing knowledge and life experience of the entrepreneur.

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