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School Resource (Police) Officers in Schools: Impact on Campus Safety, Student Discipline, and Learning

School Resource (Police) Officers in Schools: Impact on Campus Safety, Student Discipline, and Learning
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Author(s): Christopher A. Mallett (Cleveland State University, USA)
Copyright: 2022
Pages: 18
Source title: Impact of School Shootings on Classroom Culture, Curriculum, and Learning
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Gordon A. Crews (The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-5200-1.ch004

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Abstract

Having police officers in schools (school resource officers – SROs) is controversial with a growing debate as their presence has proliferated nationally over the past 20 years. A majority of high schools and middle schools today have police on campus providing a variety of services, though primarily law enforcement. While the intent is to provide improved school safety and protection to students, unexpectedly this has not been the outcome for many school campuses when reviewing most criminal activity and school shootings. While the presence of SROs is complicated, the unintended impact has harmed more students than anticipated by criminalizing misbehaviors and disorderly conduct, making the learning environment less conducive by negatively changing school climates and disproportionately impacting many already at-risk young people.

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