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Mind the Gap: Undercollateralization in the Global and Canadian OTCD Markets

Mind the Gap: Undercollateralization in the Global and Canadian OTCD Markets
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Author(s): Jorge Cruz Lopez (Bank of Canada, Canada)
Copyright: 2016
Pages: 13
Source title: Analyzing the Economics of Financial Market Infrastructures
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Martin Diehl (Deutsche Bundesbank, Germany), Biliana Alexandrova-Kabadjova (Banco de México, Mexico), Richard Heuver (De Nederlandsche Bank, The Netherlands) and Serafín Martínez-Jaramillo (Banco de México, Mexico)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-8745-5.ch015


View Mind the Gap: Undercollateralization in the Global and Canadian OTCD Markets on the publisher's website for pricing and purchasing information.


We provide estimates of the collateral gap in the global and Canadian OTCD markets. Using the latest available data as of December 31 2011, it is estimated that current exposures after netting are $3.9T globally and $71B in Canada. The estimated amount of available collateral after correcting for re-hypothecation in each market is $767B and $48B, respectively. Thence, the current gap in variation margins stands at $3.1T globally and at $23B in Canada. The initial margin that would be required to centrally clear OTCD is estimated at $4T globally and $104B in Canada. The rate of collateralization has increased globally, but specially in Canada. In 2001, 92% of global and 72% of Canadian current exposures were undercollateralized; currently, the figures are 80% for global and 30% for Canadian current exposures. The high level of collateralization and the lack of re-hypothecation could make the Canadian market more resilient to systemic shocks. Further, it is likely that the upcoming regulatory reforms will have a more subtle impact on Canadian banks than on banks elsewhere.

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