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Marine Plastic Debris: Distribution, Abundance, and Impact on Our Seafood

Marine Plastic Debris: Distribution, Abundance, and Impact on Our Seafood
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Author(s): Muhammad Reza Cordova (Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Indonesia)
Copyright: 2020
Pages: 28
Source title: Handbook of Research on Environmental and Human Health Impacts of Plastic Pollution
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Khursheed Ahmad Wani (Government Degree College Bijbehara, India), Lutfah Ariana (Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Indonesia) and S.M. Zuber (Government Degree College Bijbehara, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-9452-9.ch006

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Abstract

Marine pollution due to littering from anthropogenic activities is a serious global environmental problem—the main reason accumulation of debris in the environment, including in the ocean. There is a significant hazard coming from plastic debris. Besides entanglement and ingestion, marine plastics debris has more complex problems and can release additional and by-product chemical substances. If we keep producing and not doing anything, a recent study said by 2050 there would be three times more plastic than fish in the ocean. We only have a limited understanding of marine plastic debris distribution, implication, fate, and behavior. Science is the key to getting the right alternative for processing debris. To prevent marine pollution successfully requires education and outreach programs, strong laws and policies, and law enforcement for government and private institutions. This chapter explores marine plastic debris.

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