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Lessons Learned as Organizational Project Memories

Lessons Learned as Organizational Project Memories
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Author(s): Raul M. Abril (Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Spain) and Ralf Müller (Umeå University, Sweden)
Copyright: 2009
Pages: 18
Source title: Building Organizational Memories: Will You Know What You Knew?
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): John P. Girard (Minot State University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-540-5.ch008

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Abstract

This chapter suggests established research approaches to capture and validate project lessons learned. Past research indicates that due to the temporal nature of projects, improper management of knowledge, especially lessons learned, constitutes a risk for present and future projects. The authors argue that case study research is appropriate for developing lessons learned and that an inductive methodology can be used to generate hypotheses. These hypotheses are validated through an analysis of their Goodness of Fit into learning related business questions. Quality assurance in a lessons learned process should include a formalism to avoid loosing knowledge in the coding process, a formalism to avoid equivocality in the knowledge transfer to third parties, and validation techniques for the identified knowledge items. Furthermore, the authors argue that a common understanding should be achieved before organizational learning influences decisions and/or actions.

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