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Generic System Models: Background and Related Work

Generic System Models: Background and Related Work
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Copyright: 2017
Pages: 27
Source title: Designing for Human-Machine Symbiosis Using the URANOS Model: Emerging Research and Opportunities
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Benjamin Hadorn (University of Fribourg, Switzerland)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-1888-4.ch001


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Systemic and holistic approaches provide a new way of thinking about, understanding and designing systems. In this chapter we aim to highlight the most significant and influential work in this trend, and in particular the achievements of cybernetics, systemics and coordination modeling. Starting with cybernetics, related topics like cybernetic orders, self-organization, autopoiesis and conversation theory are explained. Systemics, and especially general system theory, provide a general language and terminology to express and model systems independent of any research domain. Together with integral and system thinking, this leads to a paradigm shift in understanding and modeling complex and non-linear systems. Concretely, we introduce the meta model of Schwarz which was the starting point of our own generic system model URANOS. Finally, the coordination theories and models which had a great impact on our research on human-centered design are outlined.

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