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General Approach to Risk Analysis

General Approach to Risk Analysis
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Author(s): Davorin Matanovic (University of Zagreb, Croatia)
Copyright: 2014
Pages: 22
Source title: Risk Analysis for Prevention of Hazardous Situations in Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Davorin Matanovic (University of Zagreb, Croatia), Nediljka Gaurina-Medjimurec (University of Zagreb, Croatia) and Katarina Simon (University of Zagreb, Croatia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-4777-0.ch001

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Abstract

Broadly accepted methodology that is implemented in the oil industry when dealing with risks includes as the first step the identification of possible hazards. That is done by gathering information about degree of risk according to working procedures, processes, and individuals involved in the operation of the process. That is the first step in risk management, an iterative process that must lead to the use of proper measurements in the way of protecting people, facilities and environment. The analysis is done based on the combination of probability and severity of undesirable events, and the final consequences. Explanation of basic terms, their interdependence, dilemmas, and methods of risk analysis are introduced. Each method is shortly described with main anteriority and shortcomings. Differences between quantitative methods, qualitative methods, and hybrid methods (the combination of qualitative-quantitative or semi-quantitative methods) are elaborated. The impact, occurrence, and the consequences are at the end compared to risk acceptance criteria concept. The ALARP (As Low as Reasonably Practicable) framework is explained with some observation on the quality and acceptance in petroleum industry. Finally, the human impact on the risk and consequences is analyzed.

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