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Efficient Multirate Filtering

Efficient Multirate Filtering
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Author(s): Ljiljana D. Milic (University of Belgrade, Serbia)
Copyright: 2009
Pages: 6
Source title: Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Second Edition
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Mehdi Khosrow-Pour, D.B.A. (Information Resources Management Association, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-026-4.ch205


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A multirate filter can be defined as a digital filter in which the input data rate is changed in one or more intermediate points. With the efficient multirate approach, computations are evaluated at the lowest possible sampling rate, thus improving the computational efficiency, increasing the computation speed, and lowering the power consumption. Multirate filters are of essential importance for communications, image processing, digital audio, and multimedia. The role of multirate filtering in modern signal processing systems is threefold: Firstly, they are used whenever there is a need to preserve the signal properties when connecting two systems operating at different sampling rates. Secondly, multirate techniques are used for constructing filters with stringent spectral constraints that are very difficult, even impossible, to be solved otherwise. Thirdly, multirate filters are used in constructing multirate filter banks.

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