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Coastline Change and Erosion-Accretion Evolution of the Sandwip Island, Bangladesh

Coastline Change and Erosion-Accretion Evolution of the Sandwip Island, Bangladesh
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Author(s): Al Emran (University of Dhaka, Bangladesh), Md. Abdur Rob (University of Dhaka, Bangladesh) and Md. Humayun Kabir (University of Dhaka, Bangladesh)
Copyright: 2019
Pages: 13
Source title: Environmental Information Systems: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Information Resources Management Association (USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7033-2.ch068

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Abstract

The study tries to analyze the morphological and hydrological changes and to establish their relationship in the Sandwip Island through the integration of Remote Sensing (RS) and Geographic Information Systems (GIS). The study concludes from the recent 30 years' data that the different parts of the island response different cycle of coastline change associated with hydrological dynamics. The resulted net loss of the coastline is about 6.98 km (0.23 km/y) and the net loss of the coastal area is about 23.99 km2 (0.8 km2/y). The erosion processes (increase in the water depth near shore) were active along the western and the south-western shores. This erosion of the island is facilitated by the steep slope of the bank, high tidal water pressure and loose bank materials. In contrast, the accretions (decrease in the water depth near shore) were taken place in the larger parts of the northern and the north-eastern shores of the island. This is due to the backwash sediment deposition with the favor of gentle topographic slope along shores.

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