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Information Resources Management Association
Advancing the Concepts & Practices of Information Resources Management in Modern Organizations

Automation of American Criminal Justice

Automation of American Criminal Justice
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Author(s): J. William Holland (Georgia Bureau of Investigation, USA)
Copyright: 2009
Pages: 3
Source title: Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Second Edition
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Mehdi Khosrow-Pour, D.B.A. (Information Resources Management Association, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-026-4.ch051


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Criminal Justice has been one of the public sectors in the forefront of the move toward automation and digital government. The effect of computerization on American criminal justice has been profound and it has transformed the criminal justice process in many fundamental ways. Starting with President Lyndon Johnson’s government commission, The Challenge of Crime in a Free Society: A Report by the President’s Commission on Law Enforcement and the Administration of Justice, public and private experts in criminal justice and technology laid out the information needs of the criminal justice system and the computer systems to meet those demands. At a time when computerization was minimal throughout the criminal justice system, these task force members developed the blueprint for today’s multilayered automated criminal justice environment (Dallek, 1998, pp. 405-407, 409-411; Challenge of crime in a free society, 1967, pp. 268-271). Among the major recommendations of the commission were the creation of a national directory of offenders’ criminal records, what came to be known as Computerized Criminal History (CCH) and the development of similar directories at the state level. The commission also called for federal coordination of standards for criminal justice information and sharing. Finally, the report urged that a study of fingerprint classification techniques be undertaken with a view to automating much of the fingerprint search and identification effort and that work be intensified to create a national linkage of files on wanted persons and stolen vehicles under the name of the National Crime Information Center (NCIC) (Challenge of crime in a free society, 1967, pp. 255, 268-271; Task force report: Science and technology, 1967, p. 69).

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