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A Study of the Convergence Between Entrepreneurship, Government Policy, and Higher Education in Oman: Entrepreneurial Ecosystem Perspective

A Study of the Convergence Between Entrepreneurship, Government Policy, and Higher Education in Oman: Entrepreneurial Ecosystem Perspective
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Author(s): William Williams (Alacrity Foundation, UK), Helena H. Knight (Sultan Qaboos University, Oman), Richard Rutter (Australian College, Kuwait) and Megan Mathias (Independent Researcher, UK)
Copyright: 2022
Pages: 26
Source title: Developing Entrepreneurial Ecosystems in Academia
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Muhammad Nawaz Tunio (Greenwich University, Karachi, Pakistan & Alpen Adria University, Klagenfurt, Austria), Erum Shaikh (The University of Modern Sciences, Tando Muhammad Khan, Pakistan), Kiran Chaudhary (Shivaji College, University of Delhi, India) and Tiep Le Thanh (Ho Chi Minh City University of Economics and Finance, Vietnam)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-8505-4.ch003

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Abstract

This chapter examines the inter-relationships between government policy and higher education in the development of entrepreneurship in Oman. Grounded in Isenberg's entrepreneurship ecosystem framework, the role of higher education in driving entrepreneurialism, as a distinct subset of ‘education capital', is examined in the context of policy development and implementation in Oman. Interviews are utilised to gain insights into government initiatives deployed in the Omani higher education sector to develop indigenous entrepreneurs. Findings point to a dislocation between the approaches adopted in Omani higher education institutions and the context in which they have been employed. This is evidenced through three emergent themes: a desire for ‘joined-up' policy on entrepreneurship, the role of higher education institutions in encouraging entrepreneurship, and the challenge of work preference. The study concludes that a lack of holistic appreciation of the entrepreneurial ecosystem precludes the emergence of entrepreneurship as a driver of sustainable economic development in Oman.

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