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A Brief History

A Brief History
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Copyright: 2021
Pages: 31
Source title: Understanding the Role of Artificial Intelligence and Its Future Social Impact
Source Author(s)/Editor(s): Salim Sheikh (Saïd Business School, University of Oxford, UK)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-4607-9.ch002

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Abstract

In this chapter, the author presents a brief history of artificial intelligence (AI) and cognitive computing (CC). They are often interchangeable terms to many people who are not working in the technology industry. Both imply that computers are now responsible for performing job functions that a human used to perform. The two topics are closely aligned; while they are not mutually exclusive, both have distinctive purposes and applications due to their practical, industrial, and commercial appeal as well as their respective challenges amongst academia, engineering, and research communities. To summarise, AI empowers computer systems to be smart (and perhaps smarter than humans). Conversely, CC includes individual technologies that perform specific tasks that facilitate and augment human intelligence. When the benefits of both AI and CC are combined within a single system, operating from the same sets of data and the same real-time variables, they have the potential to enrich humans, society, and our world.

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