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Systematic Evaluation of the Emergency Accommodation Potential of Existing Public Buildings: A Case Study in Istanbul

Systematic Evaluation of the Emergency Accommodation Potential of Existing Public Buildings: A Case Study in Istanbul
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Author(s): Ayşe Esra Idemen (Istanbul Technical University, Turkey) and Sinan Mert Şener (Istanbul Technical University, Turkey)
Copyright: 2022
Volume: 11
Issue: 1
Pages: 19
Source title: International Journal of Digital Innovation in the Built Environment (IJDIBE)
Editor(s)-in-Chief: Jason Underwood (University of Salford, United Kingdom), Sisi Zlatanova (University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia) and Umit Isikdag (Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University, Turkey)
DOI: 10.4018/IJDIBE.294446

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Abstract

Adaptive reuse (AR) —the process of adapting existing buildings for new purposes can be an effective post-disaster strategy to shelter displaced people in densely built environments. As the literature documents no systematic tools to measure the suitability of existing buildings as collective shelters, this paper presents a multi-criteria shelter assessment tool (CS/ARP) for pre-disaster and rapid post-disaster uses. The study aims to discuss the CS/ARP methods’ potentials and provide evidence-based arguments for proactive disaster preparedness along with possible BIM and GIS connections. The proposed tool was tested through an in-depth case study involving the assessments of 3 school buildings in Istanbul. The assessments containing 119 categorized criteria under scorable assessment forms, facilitate the selection of the best building options among alternatives in a predetermined urban area. Decision-makers, designers and researchers may benefit from the proposed assessment approach with a specific focus on the temporary use of existing buildings with high digitalization potential.

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