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Place-Based Assessment of Intersection of Biophysical and Social Vulnerability to Flooding in Accra, Ghana

Place-Based Assessment of Intersection of Biophysical and Social Vulnerability to Flooding in Accra, Ghana
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Author(s): Dacosta Aboagye (Department of Geography and Rural Development, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana), Elvis Attakora-Amaniampong (Department of Real Estate and Land Management, University for Development Studies, Wa, Ghana) and Ebenezer Owusu-Sekyere (Department of Development Studies, University for Development Studies, Wa, Ghana)
Copyright: 2020
Volume: 11
Issue: 1
Pages: 14
Source title: International Journal of Applied Geospatial Research (IJAGR)
Editor(s)-in-Chief: Donald Patrick Albert (Sam Houston State University, USA) and Samuel Adu-Prah (Sam Houston State University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/IJAGR.2020010104

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Abstract

The relationship between flood hazards and social vulnerability is firmly on the intellectual agenda of geographers in Ghana. In an attempt to theorize and empirically examine this relationship, scholars have commonly followed a one-sided methodological strand. In this article, a triple-helix approach that relies on the application of social vulnerability index; mapping potential flood hazard zones; and examining degree of coincidence between flood hazards and social vulnerability, is used. Situating the analysis within Hazards-of-Place Model of Vulnerability, the study identifies spatial disparities in biophysical and social vulnerability within the City. It emerged that communities in the Ashiedu Keteke sub-metro were the most vulnerable based on the hazards-of-place model. Significantly, while flood risk awareness was very high among community members, the perception of flood risk management was poor. The study argues that understanding place-based vulnerability is crucial in mitigating the effect of hazards and building resilient communities.

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