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Identifying Accident Factors in Military Aviation: Applying HFACS to Accident and Incident Reports of the German Armed Forces

Identifying Accident Factors in Military Aviation: Applying HFACS to Accident and Incident Reports of the German Armed Forces
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Author(s): Marco Michael Nitzschner (German Air Force Centre of Aerospace Medicine, Köln, Germany), Ursa K J Nagler (Bundeswehr Institute for Preventive Medicine, Andernach, Germany) and Michael Stein (German Armed Forces Office - Applied Military Psychology and Research Group, Bonn, Germany)
Copyright: 2019
Volume: 2
Issue: 1
Pages: 14
Source title: International Journal of Disaster Response and Emergency Management (IJDREM)
Editor(s)-in-Chief: Dean Kyne (The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, USA) and William Donner (The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/IJDREM.2019010104

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Abstract

Investigating accidents is an important method to enhance safety in aviation. Nevertheless, it is equally important to examine trends and factors across different accidents to adapt accordingly. Therefore, in the first study, 48 accidents and incidents occurring to manned military aircraft of the German Armed Forces between the years 2004 and 2014 were analyzed using the HFACS framework. Results show that preconditions for unsafe acts (37.7%) was observed most often, followed by unsafe acts (36.2%) and organizational influences (17.9%). Unsafe supervision was observed least often (8.2%). Thus, operators on the front line contribute the major part to manned aircraft incurrences in the German Armed Forces while higher levels of HFACS seem to play a smaller part. In the second study, 33 accidents and incidents occurring to unmanned military aircraft of the German Armed Forces between 2004 and 2014 were analyzed, also using the HFACS framework. Results show that technical issues were mentioned most often and human factors were identified considerably less than in manned aircraft.

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